Deemed to be Universities are institutions which are not established as Universities through legislations, but which are declared as deemed to be universities as per Section 3 of the UGC Act.
Section 3 of the UGC Act empowers the Central Government to declare by notification any such institution as deemed to be university on the recommendations of the UGC. All provisions of the UGC Act are applicable to the deemed to be universities.
These deemed to be universities have the following salient features;
 They concentrate on specific areas assigned to them on the basis of which they are declared as deemed to be Universities;
 They are autonomous in academic, administrative, finance, research, evaluation and extension aspects, etc., like other universities;
 There is enough scope for trying out and developing different models of leadership owing to their limited jurisdiction;
 Such institutions are able to enjoy closer and thicker contacts of students with persons involved in administration, teaching, research, extension and evaluation and thereby they generates an encouraging social ethos and enobling educational climate on the campus;
[5) Due to closer contacts among persons at different levels, it provides an opportunity for developing a participatory decision making process leading to healthier relations among members;
 As these institutions have a well identified focus, they can play an important role in the maintenance of standards in that area.
Private universities are not operated by governments though many receive public subsidies, especially in the form of tax breaks and public student loans and grants. Depending on the region, private universities may be subject to government regulation. Private universities compare to public universities and national universities.