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Asha Kanta Sharma

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An entitlement to something, whether to concepts like justice
and due process, or to ownership of property or some interest in
property, real or personal. These rights include various freedoms,
protection against interference with enjoyment of life and property,
civil rights enjoyed by citizens such as voting and access to courts,
natural rights accepted by civilized societies and human rights to
protect people through out the world from terror and torture. Rights
are legal, social, or ethical principles of freedom or entitlement; that
is, rights are the fundamental normative rules about what is allowed
of people or owed to people, according to some legal system, social
convention, or ethical theory. Rights are of essential importance in
such disciplines as law and ethics, especially theories of justice and

Rights are often considered fundamental to civilization, being
regarded as established pillars of society and culture, and the history
of social conflicts can be found in the history of each right and its development.

The connection between rights and struggle cannot be
overstated. Rights are not as much granted or endowed as they are
fought for and claimed, and the essence of struggles past and ancient
are encoded in the spirit of current concepts of rights and their
modern formulations. The Modern English word right derives from Old
English riht or reht, in turn from Proto-Germanic ‘riχtaz’ meaning
"right" or "direct", and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European ‘reg-to’
meaning "having moved in a straight line", in turn from ‘(o)reg'(a)’
meaning "to straighten or direct". In several different Indo-European
languages, a single word derived from the same root means both
"right" and "law", such as French droit, Spanish derecho and German

Rights are widely regarded as the basis of law, some theorists
suggest civil disobedience is, itself, a right, and it was advocated by
famous thinkers. There is considerable disagreement about what is
meant precisely by the term rights. It has been used by different
groups and thinkers for different purposes, with different and
sometimes opposing definition and the precise definition of this
principle, beyond having something to do with normative rules of
some sort or another, is controversial


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