Jump to content
News Ticker
  • NPAs under PM Modi's Mudra scheme jumped 126% in FY19
  • shows RTI
  • RTI query reveals banking frauds of ₹ 2.05 Trillion reported in the last 11 years
  • 509 per cent rise in cases under child labour law: Study
  • The Central Information Commission has allowed disclosure of file notings on the mercy petition of a rape and murder convict, rejecting the government's contention that the records cannot be disclosed as these are privileged documents under Article 74(2) of the Constitution.
  • Electoral bonds worth over ₹5,800 crore were bought by donors to fund political parties between March 1, 2018 and May 10, 2019, a Right to Information reply has said.
  • Don't pay 500/- for answer sheet now- Supreme Court says if Answer sheet is asked under RTI, RTI Fees will be governed
Dr V S Prasanna Rajan

Explanation given by Supreme court regarding administrative act and quasi judicial act

Recommended Posts

Dr V S Prasanna Rajan

The Supreme court in Appeal (civil) 3320-21 of 2001 - INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS (I) Vs. INSTITUTE OF SOCIAL WELFARE & ORS.DATE OF JUDGMENT: 10/05/2002 explained in detail between an administrative act and quasi judicial act.

 

The Supreme court held -

 

The legal principles laying down when an act of a statutory authority would be a quasi-judicial act, which emerge from the aforestated decisions

 

are these :

 

Where -

 

(a) a statutory authority empowered under a statute to do any act

 

(b) which would prejudicially affect the subject

 

© although there is no lis or two contending parties and the contest is between the authority and the subject and

 

(d) the statutory authority is required to act judicially under the statute, the decision of the said authority is quasi-judicial.

 

Applying the aforesaid principle, we are of the view that the presence of a lis or contest between the contending parties before a statutory authority, in the absence of any other attributes of a quasi-judicial authority is sufficient to hold that such a statutory authority is quasi judicial authority.

 

However, in the absence of a lis before a statutory authority, the authority would be quasi-judicial authority if it is required to act judicially.

 

 

Mere presence of one or two attributes of quasi judicial authority would not make an administrative act as quasi-judicial act.

 

In some case, an administrative authority may determine question of fact before arriving at a decision which may affect the right of an appellant but such a decision would not be quasi-judicial act.

 

It is different thing that in some cases fair-play may demand affording of an opportunity to the claimant whose right is going to be affected by the act of the administrative authority, still such an administrative authority would not be quasi-judicial authority.

 

 

What distinguishes an administrative act from quasi-judicial act is, in the case of quasi-judicial functions under the relevant law the statutory authority is required to act judicially.

 

In other words, where law requires that an authority before arriving at decision must make an enquiry, such a requirement of law makes the authority a quasi-judicial authority.

 

 

It must be borne in mind that another test which distinguishes administrative function from quasi-judicial function is, the authority who acts quasi-judicially is required to act according to the rules, whereas the authority which acts administratively is dictated by the policy and expediency.

 

 

Based on the clarifications provided by the supreme court it can be concluded that

 

(a) The First appellate authority is a quasi-judicial authority.

 

(b) A public information officer, who is bound by the statutory third party procedure under the RTI act, 2005, when dealing with third party information issues a notice of hearing to third party, thereby becomes a quasi judicial authority.

 

The decision of the supreme court is attached with this post.

Apex court - Explanation of the terms administrative function and quasi judical function.pdf

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
MANOJ B. PATEL

R/vsprajan, thank you very much for this information.

 

 

Sent from RTI INDIA Mobile App

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Restore formatting

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.


  • Similar Content

    • Sankar11
      By Sankar11
      I raised RTI to sports development authority of India on January 31st 2018 but still i didn't get any response, also i submitted first appeals, stilk same. Nothing happened via online portal. Do anyone have any idea what should i do next or i need to be silent until they reply? 
    • karira
      By karira
      A perusal of Section 20 of the Act shows that it makes a provision to impose penalty either on Central Public Information Officer or the State Public Information Officer. However, there is no provision to initiate a departmental inquiry against the First Appellate Authority as per the Section 20 of the Act.

Announcements

×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use & Privacy Policy