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Sajib Nandi posted a topic in Off TopicBy Pranav Dixit in Hindustantimes.com on Apr 05, 2015 Battle for open internet: Will you now have to pay for WhatsApp, YouTube? On December 25, 2014, Airtel, the country's largest mobile operator with over 200 million active subscribers, dropped a bombshell: it wanted to charge customers extra for using services like Skype, Viber and Google Hangouts even though they had already paid for Internet access. If customers wanted to use a service that used Internet data to make voice calls - something known as VoIP - they would need to subscribe to an additional VoIP pack, the company said. Airtel was double-dipping and customers were furious. The tweets flew thick and fast. In less than four days, Airtel backtracked on its plans. It would wait, it said, for a consultation paper about net neutrality that the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) would publish soon. Net neutrality sounds like a scary term but what it means is simply this: on the Internet, all bits are equal. What you do with the data you pay for - watch a YouTube video, send a WhatsApp message or make a Skype call - is entirely your prerogative and in an ideal world, your Internet service provider should not prioritise certain kinds of bits over others. A neutral Internet is a utility like electricity - if your power company, for instance, doesn't have a say in how you use the electricity it provides, why should an Internet service provider get to decide what you do with the bits you pay for? "The Internet is built on principles of openness and freedom, and at the core of this is nondiscrimination at an ISP level," says Nikhil Pahwa, editor of Medianama and a vocal advocate for net neutrality. Right now, thanks to the rise of apps like WhatsApp, which eat into operators' SMS revenues, and video-streaming services like YouTube and Netflix, which consume massive amounts of bandwidth, these principles of openness and freedom are being challenged around the world. In the United States, for example, video-streaming service Netflix was forced to pay Comcast, the country's largest Internet service provider, to retain its access to consumers or risk being throttled. The US Federal Communications Commission (FCC) only recently voted to regulate broadband as a public utility - no splitting the Internet into fast and slow lanes as operators had wanted. The FCC was promptly sued by the United States Telecom Association, a trade group that represents some of the country's largest Internet providers. Back home, the TRAI, too, has been busy. This week, it released a consultation paper - a mind-numbing 118-page document - and 20 questions that it wants you (yes, you!) to answer about why you think you deserve (or don't deserve) an open Internet. "The TRAI consultation leans significantly towards finding some middle ground between what the telecom industry wants and the Internet that we've all grown up with," says Pahwa, who, along with 70 other enthusiasts, crunched it down to a concise 23 pages that you can actually understand (you can access the abridged version on Medianama's website). "In my opinion, any compromise on the principles of net neutrality or on any attempt to license online companies is unacceptable." Indeed, the paper begins by classifying everything on the Internet as we know it - Skype, Viber, WhatsApp, Snapchat, Instagram, Hike, Amazon, Flipkart, Ola, Facebook Messenger, BlackBerry Messenger, iMessage, online games, music streaming services like Pandora and more - as OTT, telecom industry jargon for "over-the-top" services. "It's ridiculous," says Pahwa. "All these services are the whole reason why we pay these service providers for Internet access in the first place." So how will having a non-neutral Internet affect you? For starters, you can say goodbye to paying a flat fee for using a certain amount of data each month and accessing whatever you want. Your Internet will be sliced up into "packs" - `50 extra for a YouTube pack, for instance, `30 for a WhatsApp pack, `20 to access Google search, and on and on it goes. Your operator might also decide to charge a service like YouTube if it wishes to reach you. If YouTube - or any other service - doesn't pay up, it risks being slowed down. Operators can also use this tactic to strategically push their own services over the competition. Airtel, for example, owns a music-streaming app called Wynk, which it might provide full access to its own network while throttling competitors like Gaana or Saavn. It's important to remember that it's not just telecom companies that are interested in a non-neutral Internet in India. According to the TRAI consultation paper, 83 percent of India's Internet users access the Internet from their mobile phones. This massive audience is crucial for multi-billion dollar corporations like Twitter, Facebook and Google. In February, Reliance Communications and Facebook partnered to launch Internet.org in India, a service whose ostentatious aim was to bring the Internet to the next billion people. In reality, Internet.org grossly violated net neutrality by offering free access to a handpicked list of websites and social networks for free, while making users pay for others; Google bundled free data with its Android One phones; and WhatsApp tied up with multiple providers across the country to provide "WhatsApp Packs." But if things are bad for consumers, they're worse for businesses and startups that rely on an open Internet to reach customers. "If I'm building an app, I need to know that a new feature, which I may not have thought of today, can be added later without me having to first negotiate a deal with an operator," says Rohin Dharmakumar, an entrepreneur who is in the process of launching Owntastic, a Bangalore-based startup that focuses on after-sales experience once a consumer buys a product. "I'm very worried." Dharmakumar adds that regulating the Internet in this manner will ensure that India's booming startup culture is nipped in the bud. "Startups will die." Right now, businesses and companies are free to operate whatever services they want over the Internet. "Features become full businesses," says Pahwa. "That freedom will get constrained by this approach to maximise revenues by restricting. Telecom operators should be seeking to maximise revenues by making us use more of the Internet. They're slicing the pie instead of growing the pie."
akhilesh yadav posted a topic in RTI in MediaNAGPUR: Right to Information Act (RTI) query has revealed city police have managed to rein in eight gangs, sending 56 gangsters behind bars in 2013 and 2014. Abhay Kolarkar's query also brought to fore the fact that while total number of crimes in city increased by 451, the detections also went up by 294 in 2014 in comparison to 2013. Read at: Cops net eight gangs, 56 gangsters in two years - The Times of India
Dear sir, I have clear my NET exam of Dec,2010 my Roll No is 41080384. I received e mail from UGC but the e-certificate attached having security password and this is not matching with my DATA. I have send email to email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org on Mon, 4 July, 2011 6:37:28 PM for details re sending but there is no reply from department as well as I am continually calling to Hep center but no one is answering the call. Kindly give me information about when I receives the original certificate and corrected e-certificate. or where I should contact to get it. Thanking You Yours Faithfully Sachin Dagde
navkapil posted a question in Ask for RTI SupportAlthough its not a query but yes i want any comments any kind of suggestions in regard of this RTI, I filed the whole process went for this is written Deleted external link
I asked an question regarding questions through RTI given in the NET paper. They told me that enquiry is proceeding and they will answer when it is completed. I sent them again a letter asking date but since then almost a month has gone, but no replies, no response. what should i do? paper was not in accordance with the syllabus they have written.